Reading Strategies - Interactive Teaching and Learning Activities

Students need to develop thoughtful interpretations of what they read. They need to approach the task as active makers of meaning.

Teachers can encourage students to become active participants in the classroom community by tailoring their instructional reading strategies and methods to the needs of their classes and the individuals in those classes. Instructional activities such as the following should be considered.

Making Connections

Encourage students to compare what they already know to new information. Connect personal experience to the text. Compare characters from other texts or media to new characters. Compare themselves to characters. Make connections to the text and the outside world.


Have students ask questions while they read about their understanding of the text. Ask questions about the characters and their motivations and actions. Pose questions about the illustrations and captions. Ask questions about the problems the characters are having. Be inquisitive about the choice of words the author uses.

Reading Aloud

Read aloud to students in class and ask students to take turns reading aloud. When necessary, use audio books, to augment reading activities for struggling readers. Listening comprehension complements reading comprehension. Verbally clarifying the spoken message enhances listening comprehension. Writing, in turn, clarifies and documents the spoken message.


Help students link clues from the text with their own experience to generate their own versions of scenes and events. Read, stop, reread to check the accuracy of their visualization. Have them look for comparisons as they read.

Making Inferences

Help students to think about what will happen next. Look at the information from the book to figure out their guess. Did they examine the evidence from the story to predict? Use words the characters say to help you make an inference about their qualities and traits. What specific adjectives and phrases help them to read between the lines and come up with ideas about how the story events are leading them to make inferences?

Synthesizing Information

Ask them to summarize the essence of what they read into personal meaning. Make evaluations, construct generalizations, and draw conclusions from the text. Establish their take on what the text means to them. Extract key concepts and information to form opinions supported by facts. Narrow the text down to its essentials to "get" the meaning of it.

Interactive Teaching and Instruction Activities - Book Punch

Each of these strategies is integral to comprehension, and together they represent the active stance students must assume in order to become effective learners and readers. The lesson steps for teaching each strategy must involve explicit instruction.

Book Punch helps teachers provide the personal instruction students need to internalize these reading strategies.  Using popular novels as a foundation, Book Punch takes students through the writing and thinking process with interactive prompts to focus their thinking about a particular book.

Hundreds of built-in tips and supports help students gather ideas, organize their thoughts, compose sentences, revise, edit and publish responses to a work of literature.


Next Step: Before Reading Activities



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